Anthropocene is a neologism created in the year 2000 by Paul Crutzen, the Dutch Nobel Prize-winning chemist. This word designates a phenomenon that has yet to be clearly defined: the birth of a new geological era marked by the predominant influence of humans on the processes and relationships that make up Earth systems. The Anthropocene is, in a way, synonymous with global changes, with the metamorphoses that are affecting our planet, from market globalization to the erosion of biodiversity, from climate changes to habitat transformations. The Anthropocene is also characterized by the gradual, irreversible crossing of planetary boundaries.